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Scottish military links.

Do you have a war hero in your family?

  • The Order of the British Empire (OBE) was created in 1917 by King George V. The award was made in recognition for the help in the war effort. Honors and awards were printed in the London Gazette, with digitised copies from January 1939 to December 1948, available online at www.gazettes-online.co.uk, or at the Guildhall Library in London. The Edinburgh Gazette, also at the above web address, lists from 1st January 1978 only. Remember, a woman may have been given her OBE under her maiden name.

  • Death Certificates - Every soldier who died during WWI had a death certificate issued. The ones for men who died on home service are recorded in the local district where they died. The ones for men who died abroad were previously listed under 'Overseas Deaths' at the GRO with a separate index for WWI. The reference for the death certificate was then given, and can be ordered in the same way. These indexes are now found online on a number of websites.

    Canadian Expeditionary Force 162nd Battalion was formed in 1916 to protect Parry Sound, Ontario. Below are listed Scottish-born strays who enrolled. Unless otherwise stated, the rank of the officer is Private. If known, the former Corps and county of birth is mentioned:
    Archie Nesbitt Cuthbertson
    James Nesbitt Cuthbertson (Imp Forces)
    Co Q-M Sergt. Patrick Dougall (Aberdeen)
    Corporal Archibald John Duncan (Dunfermline)
    Sergeant John Alexander Ferguson
    William Alexander Ferguson (23rd Regt.)
    William Forsyth (23rd Regt.)
    Sergeant William Marshall (Clydesdale, Lanark)
    Sergeant James McAdam (Kirkcudbright)
    John Naismith
    Corporal Robert Richardson Nodwell (SA)
    Thomas Richardson Nodwell
    John Park
    Peter Milland Parkes
    Corporal John Bode Smith
    Alexander Stuart (Territorials)
    Edward Tonner
    For additional information try searching the Library and Archives canada website at www.collectionscanada.ca.


  • www.1837online.com - site offers military records ranging from 1656-1994. Covers such topics as Soldiers Died WwI, National Roll of WWI, Army Roll of Honour WWII, Armed forces births 1761-1994, Armed forces marriages 1761-1994, Armed forces deaths 1761-1994 and other army lists/roll calls 1656-1888.
  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission - the "Debt of Honour Register" is the Commission's database listing the 1.7 million men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died during the two world wars and the 23,000 cemeteries, memorials and other locations worldwide where they are commemorated. The register can also be searched for details of the 67,000 Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action in the Second World War. If you find a WW1 soldier on the Commonwealth War Graves database you can take a note of the service number and find their medal record in the Medal Index Cards at The National Archives website. The Commonwealth War Graves Commission website is not designed for family historians but is very useful to researchers. Although not vital information, the details available will certainly be valuable.
  • British Armed Forces - contains Service stories from Regular and National Service Veterans. Lots of regimental and military information with many links for Veterans and researchers. Over 2,500 Regimental Badge illustrations and 20,000 images of troopships.
  • The National Archives - UK Government records from Doomesday to the present. This link takes you to Military History resources which include Army, Births/marriages/deaths, Census, Medal rolls - World War One, Merchant Navy, Royal Air Force & predecessors, Royal Marines, Royal Navy & auxiliary services and Tracing living people.
  • Military Records - National Archives of Scotland Family History Fact Sheet.
  • Soldiers' & Airmen's Wills
  • Military abbreviations HappyHaggis. Happy to Help.
  • Grave Location for Holders of the Victoria Cross in Scotland
  • The Naval & Military Press website - for military historians and family genealogists. Contains casualty lists of WWI (1914-1919), Army Roll of Honour (1939-45), National Roll (1914-18) and Royal Naval Division (1914-1924).
  • BBC Scotland - advice on military service records
  • Women's Voluntary Service - WRVS was initially formed to help civilians during the Second World War, in evacuation, emergency feeding and providing general care and support.
  • The Scottish War Memorials Forum - a forum to showcase and discuss the many War Memorials of Scotland.
  • Roll of Honour - a huge site with details of UK war memorials (incomplete) and other military-related links.
  • United Kingdom National Inventory of War Memorials - very useful site if planning a field trip, but contains no names.
  • The Long, Long Trail - facts of the British Army in the First World War and a tribute to the men and women who fought and won, and to the million who died trying. Includes a section on how to research a soldier, which includes Army units, war diaries and a guide to service records.
  • Battleships-cruisers.co.uk - includes histories of submarines by class, together with a message board for historians and family history research.
  • WW1 Army Service Service and Pension Records - 100,000 records currently being loaded into www.ancestry.co.uk. All are expected to be loaded by the end of 2008. 60% of Service Records were destroyed by German bombing during WW2.
  • Naval & Military Press - website for military historians and family genealogists. This pay-to-view site has over one million records available.
  • The Army Museums Ogilby Trust - serves the Regimental and Corps museums of the British Army. Contains a guide to tracing ancestors in the army and a list of UK army museums.
  • Military monuments and inscriptions - a collection covering India, Boer War, a selection of regimental memorials, rolls of honour and various cemeteries around the world.
  • Chelsea Royal Hospital discharged soldier list - These Discharged Soldiers lists are from the records for the Royal Chelsea Hospital in London, which was founded by King Charles II. The famous buildings of the hospital, designed by Sir Christoper Wren and opened in 1691 by William and Mary, still provide a London home for over 400 disabled ex-servicemen. All the Chelsea Pensioners are discharged veterans of the British Army, and even today they are readily recognizable on many formal occasions in their striking red uniforms. Both In-pensioners and Out-pensioners are in this well known group, and many of the latter have appeared in emigration records, especially for Australia and New Zealand.
  • Commemorative Roll of Honour - over 350 names entered from Fettes College, Edinburgh.
  • The Second Jacobite Rebellion, 1745 - lists of prisoners captured after the Battle of Culloden, transcripts of depositions from trials etc. See also www.nls.uk/print/transcriptions/index.html for two important Jacobite commentaries.
  • Naval Historical Collectors & Research Association - can offer officer's ratings and marines' career details, honours and awards.
  • The Naval & Military Press - website for military historians and family genealogists. This pay-to-view site has over one million records available.
  • Foreign monuments and Inscriptions - a collection of monuments and inscriptions covering India, Boer War, a selection of regimental memorials, rolls of honour and various cemeteries around the world.
  • The Western Front Association - formed with the aim of furthering interest in the period 1914-1918. They provide colour scans of WW1 medal index cards (front and back) at a charge.
  • Official website of the Royal Navy
  • Military Historical Encyclopedia - covering wars, regiments, traditions, military biography and genealogy.
  • Military-genealogy.com - provides a list of soldiers who died during WW1, WW2, the National Roll of WW1 and the Royal Navy Division 1914-1924 (charges apply).
  • www.ahoy.tk-jk.net - relates to seafarers, shipping and battles mainly during WW2, with a slight Australian bias, but there are maritime events from all over the world. There are some WW1 items too.
  • Families in British India Society - over 3 million Britons served in India and South Asia from the 17th century. This site has over 200,000 transcribed civil, ecclesiastical, maritime and military records from the India Office and East india Company 1737-1947.
  • The Army Museum's Ogilby Trust Website - this website is approved by the Ministry of Defence as the definitive guide to the regimental and corps museums of the British Army spread throughout the United Kingdom. There is detailed guidance on their 'Ancestor Tracing' pages.
  • www.Regiments.org - covers the historical development of regiments, and includes basic information on when regiments were formed, the various battalions and where they were posted.
  • www.1914-1918.net - detailed information about the structure of the army and how it was organised.
  • National maritime Museum - can provide photographs of ships for a fee.
  • Militia lists - to find these, enter "militia lists"+scotland into Google or any other search engine.

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